Question & Answer
Why are there two azahans on the day of jummah?

Why are there two adahans when in the times of prophet(saw) only one adan was declered for the jummah prayer, is not it a bida(innovation)? thanks


بسم الله الرحمن الرحيم

We begin with Allah’s blessed name, we praise him and we glorify him, seek his forgiveness and ask him to guide us. Whoever Allah guides, None can lead astray and whoever he misguides, None can guide. There is no power and no strength except from Allah, The most high, the Most great, the most powerful. We bear witness that there is no one worthy of worship but Allah Alone, and we bear witness that Prophet Muhammad (pbuh) is His slave-servant and the seal of His Messengers. We pray for peace and blessings on all the noble messengers and in particular on the last of them all “the blessed prophet Mohammad (pbuh)”

During the times of our beloved prophet mohammad(pbuh), on the day of jummah, when the call for the jummah prayer was made, immidately after adahan our beloved prophet mohmmad(pbuh) would start the sermon (KHUTBA). Since the belivers where less in number, so only one adahan was sufficent to fullfill the purpose.

But with the time and after the death of our beloved prophet mohmmad(pbuh) the number of belivers grew, so the need arises that every beliver should be able to prepare for the jummah prayer, before the Imam startes his sermon.

Narrated As-Sa'ib bin Yazid I : 'Uthman bin 'Affan introduced the second Adhan on Fridays when the number of the people in the mosque increased. Previously the Adhan on Fridays used to be pronounced only after the Imam had taken his seat (on the pulpit). SAHIH AL-BUKHARI[vol:2,book:13, no.: 38]

Hadrat Uthmaan (r.a.) recommended that two sets of 'adhaan' be declared on the Day of Jumuah, so that every beliver will be reminded with the first adahan to get prepared and make their way to masjid before the sermon starts. and that tradition of declaring two sets of 'adhaan' on the Day of Jumuah has been honored by the believers since that time.

Narrated Irbad ibn Sariyah: Al-Irbad said: One day the Apostle of Allah (peace_be_upon_him) led us in prayer, then faced us and gave us a lengthy exhortation at which the eyes shed tears and the hearts were afraid. A man said: Apostle of Allah! It seems as if it were a farewell exhortation, so what injunction do you give us? He then said: I enjoin you to fear Allah, and to hear and obey even if it be an Abyssinian slave, for those of you who live after me will see great disagreement. You must then follow my sunnah and that of the rightly-guided caliphs. Hold to it and stick fast to it. Avoid novelties, for every novelty is an innovation, and every innovation is an error. ABU-DAWOOD[Book 40, Number 4590: ]

Thus It is clear from the above guidance of our beloved prophet mohammad(pbuh) that we must follow sunnah and the rightly-guided caliphs, thus the decleration of second adahan is added by the rightly-guided caliph, and thus does not become bidha. And what becomes the bidah is any act of worship added after the death of our beloved prophet mohammad(pbuh), by those who are not given authorty by the messanger of allah. And Allah alone knows the best.

I ask Allah to make this a sincere effort, seeking his pleasure, and I ask him to grant us refuge in him from the evils within ourselves, and that in our deeds. I ask him to grant us success in achieving whatever pleases him; And May Allah Shower His blessings and mercy upon our beloved Prophet Muhammad (pbuh), his family and his Companions and on all those who follow him until the final hour.

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