Question & Answer
If we missed some rakaats of some prayer behind an imaan, after completion of prayer, how we will start the prayer?


بسم الله الرحمن الرحيم

We begin with Allah’s blessed name, we praise him and we glorify him, seek his forgiveness and ask him to guide us. Whoever Allah guides, None can lead astray and whoever he misguides, None can guide. There is no power and no strength except from Allah, The most high, the Most great, the most powerful. We bear witness that there is no one worthy of worship but Allah Alone, and we bear witness that Prophet Muhammad (pbuh) is His slave-servant and the seal of His Messengers. We pray for peace and blessings on all the noble messengers and in particular on the last of them all “the blessed prophet Mohammad (pbuh)”

Fiqh-us-Sunnah :Volume 2, Page 54a: Catching up with imam or the congregation Whoever joins a congregation, he should perform the opening takbir while standing and then move directly to the act that the congregation may be performing, for instance, if the congregation is prostrating one should perform the opening takbir and then join it in the prostration. However, such a person is not considered as having performed the rak'ah unless he performs the ruku' (bowing), even if he just bows and puts his hands on his knees, when the imam is finishing his ruku'.

Abu Hurairah reports that the Messenger of Allah sallallahu alehi wasallam said: "If you come to the salah and we are in sajdah, then make sajdah with us but do not count it [as a rak'ah]. And whoever 'catches' the ruku', he catches the salah."

This is related by Abu Dawud, Ibn Khuzaimah in his Sahih, and by al-Hakim, who considers it sahih, in his Al-Mustadrak.

Thus in the light of above guidance of prophet mohammad(pbuh), when ever one joins congregation prayer in progress, one should stand & declare opening 'takbir, & then immediately & directly move to the act in which the congregation is. I,e if the congregation is in 'sajda' then he should also goto to 'sajda'.

Narrated Abu Huraira: Allah's Apostle said, "Whoever could get one Rak'a of a prayer, (in its proper time) he has got the prayer." SAHIH AL-BUKHARI[Volume 1, Book 10, Number 554]

When the imam finishes the prayer by saying taslim(salam) on both sides then you should get up to complete the missed raka's. but remember one thing that you should sit for "atayyatu after every two rakas, to complete the prayer.

I ask Allah to make this a sincere effort, seeking his pleasure, and I ask him to grant us refuge in him from the evils within ourselves, and that in our deeds. I ask him to grant us success in achieving whatever pleases him; And May Allah Shower His blessings and mercy upon our beloved Prophet Muhammad (pbuh), his family and his Companions and on all those who follow him until the final hour.

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