Question & Answer
Gusul

How to perform GUSUL?

Answer



بسم الله الرحمن الرحيم

We begin with Allah’s blessed name, we praise him and we glorify him, seek his forgiveness and ask him to guide us. Whoever Allah guides, None can lead astray and whoever he misguides, None can guide. There is no power and no strength except from Allah, The most high, the Most great, the most powerful. We bear witness that there is no one worthy of worship but Allah Alone, and we bear witness that Prophet Muhammad (pbuh) is His slave-servant and the seal of His Messengers. We pray for peace and blessings on all the noble messengers and in particular on the last of them all “the blessed prophet Mohammad (pbuh)”

Gusul is meant to purify ones body from sexual impurity & is obligatory on the believing men and women for offering the prayers. A believer who is in the sexual impurity can not pray or touch the Quran. As Allah says in the Quran:

O ye who believe! When ye prepare for prayer wash your faces and your hands (and arms) to the elbows; rub your heads (with water); and (wash) your feet to the ankles. If ye are in a state of 'janaba' (sexual impurity) bathe your whole body. But if ye are ill or on a journey, or one of you cometh from offices of nature, or ye have been in (sexual) contact with women, and ye find no water then take for yourselves clean sand or earth and rub therewith your faces and hands. Allah doth not wish to place you in a difficulty but to make you clean and to complete His favor to you that ye may be grateful QURAN[5:6]

Thus it is obligatory for a believer to perform 'Gusul' or full bath. How ever if one finds no water to clean himself, Allah has permitted him to perform 'tayamum' to clean himself and become available for the prayers.

Steps for Performing Gusul:

  1. Wash both hands three times.
  2. Wash the private parts.
  3. Make a complete ablution(like the one for prayers I.e rinsed his mouth, washed his nose by putting water in it and blowing it out, washed his face and both forearms ) but delaying the washing of feet till the end of the Gusul.
  4. Washing the head three times and letting the water to reach the roots of hairs.
  5. Pouring water over the whole body beginning from the right side & then left side. It should be remembered that the whole body parts should become wet, including inside of ears, inside the navel, arm pits, inside the toes(with short nails).
  6. Then withdraw your feet from that place (place where you take the bath) and then wash them.
The prophet Mohammad (pbuh) said:


Narrated 'Aisha: Whenever the Prophet took a bath after Janaba he started by washing his hands and then performed ablution like that for the prayer. After that he would put his fingers in water and move the roots of his hair with them, and then pour three handfuls of water over his head and then pour water all over his body. SAHIH AL-BUKHARI [Volume 1, Book 5, Number 248]

Narrated Maimuna: (the wife of the Prophet) Allah's Apostle performed ablution like that for the prayer but did not wash his feet. He washed off the discharge from his private parts and then poured water over his body. He withdrew his feet from that place (the place where he took the bath) and then washed them. And that was his way of taking the bath of Janaba. SAHIH AL-BUKHARI [Volume 1, Book 5, Number 249]

Narrated Jubair bin Mutim: Allah's Apostle said, "As for me, I pour water three times on my head." And he pointed with both his hands. SAHIH AL-BUKHARI [Volume 1, Book 5, Number 254]

Narrated Maimuna: I placed water for the bath of the Prophet. He washed his hands twice or thrice and then poured water on his left hand and washed his private parts. He rubbed his hands over the earth (and cleaned them), rinsed his mouth, washed his nose by putting water in it and blowing it out, washed his face and both forearms and then poured water over his body. Then he withdrew from that place and washed his feet. Sahih al-bukhari [Volume 1, Book 5, Number 257]

After completing the Gusul you become clean, and the prophet Mohammad (pbuh) did not use any cloth (towel) to dry his body, but he shook it off (i. e. he shake his body ) as mentioned in the narrations below:

Ibn Abbas narrated It on the authority of Maimuna that the Apostle of Allah (may peace be upon him) was given a towel, but he did not rub (his body) with it, but he did like this with water, i. e. he shook it off. SAHIH MUSLIM[Book 3 : Hadith 622]

Narrated Maimuna: I placed water for the bath of the Prophet and he poured water with his right hand on his left and washed them. Then he washed his private parts and rubbed his hands on the ground, washed them with water, rinsed his mouth and washed his nose by putting water in it and blowing it out, washed his face and poured water on his head. He withdrew from that place and washed his feet. A piece of cloth (towel) was given to him but he did not use it. SAHIH AL-BUKHARI[Book 1 : Volume 5 : Hadith 259] And Allah alone knows the best.

I ask Allah to make this a sincere effort, seeking his pleasure, and I ask him to grant us refuge in him from the evils within ourselves, and that in our deeds. I ask him to grant us success in achieving whatever pleases him; And May Allah Shower His blessings and mercy upon our beloved Prophet Muhammad (pbuh), his family and his Companions and on all those who follow him until the final hour.

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Category:Bath (Gusul)