Question & Answer
Adoption and Inheritance?

Does Islam allow adopting a son or a daughter, and can a man give or will his whole property to the only adapted son i.e. the man has no child of his own?

Answer:



بسم الله الرحمن الرحيم

We begin with Allah’s blessed name, we praise him and we glorify him, seek his forgiveness and ask him to guide us. Whoever Allah guides, None can lead astray and whoever he misguides, None can guide. There is no power and no strength except from Allah, The most high, the Most great, the most powerful. We bear witness that there is no one worthy of worship but Allah Alone, and we bear witness that Prophet Muhammad (pbuh) is His slave-servant and the seal of His Messengers. We pray for peace and blessings on all the noble messengers and in particular on the last of them all “the blessed prophet Mohammad (pbuh)”

If one has adopted a child as per the guidelines of the quran and sunnah then there is no harm in adoption. Allah says in the glorious quran:

Allah has not put for any man two hearts inside his body. Neither has He made your wives whom you declare to be like your mothers' backs, your real mothers. [AzZihar is the saying of a husband to his wife, "You are to me like the back of my mother" i.e. You are unlawful for me to approach.], nor has He made your adopted sons your real sons. That is but your saying with your mouths. But Allah says the truth, and He guides to the (Right) Way. Call them (adopted sons) by (the names of) their fathers, that is more just with Allah. But if you know not their father's (names, call them) your brothers in faith and Mawalikum (your freed slaves). And there is no sin on you if you make a mistake therein, except in regard to what your hearts deliberately intend. And Allah is Ever OftForgiving, Most Merciful. Quran [33:4-5]

Since the blessed prophet(pbuh) had himself adopted a son (hazrat zaid), and he was known as Zaid ibn Mohammad ie Zaid the son of Mohammad, but as the above verses of the glorious quran where revealed he was called by his biological fathers name ie zaid ib haritha.

Thus the guidelines for adopting a child is that, the adopted child should be called by his biological fathers name, the adopted child can only inherit from his biological parents or relatives, the adopted parents will not inherit from their adopted child.

Dear brother, the adopted parents can gift as much as they want to their adopted child during their lifetime, or they can gift no more than one-third (1\3) to their adopted child in their bequeath will. And Allah alone knows the best.

I ask Allah to make this a sincere effort, seeking his pleasure, and I ask him to grant us refuge in him from the evils within ourselves, and that in our deeds. I ask him to grant us success in achieving whatever pleases him; And May Allah Shower His blessings and mercy upon our beloved Prophet Muhammad (pbuh), his family and his Companions and on all those who follow him until the final hour.

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