Is Tahiyat-ul-Masjid prayers(salat) forbidden during the times when it is forbidden to offer any salat?
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There are differences among the scholars concerning this matter. The correct opinion is that Tahiyat al-masjid is permitted at all times, even after Fajr and after 'Asr, because of the general applicability of the this hadeeth.
Yahya related from Malik, from amir Ibn Abdullah Ibnaz-Zubayr, from Amr ibn Sulaymaz-zuraqi, from abu Qatadaal-Ansari that the messenger of allah(pboh) said, when ever you enter the masjid, you should pray two rakahs (Tahiyat-ul-Masjid) before you sit down [Al-Muwatta Hadith 9.60]
Here are some of the hadith which clearly show that it is forbidden to pray after fajir or asar.
"The Prophet forbade praying after the Fajr prayer till the sun rises and after the 'Asr prayer till the sun sets." Sahih Al-Bukhari [Volume 1, Book 10, Number 555 ]
Narrated Hisham's father:
Ibn 'Umar said, "Allah's Apostle said, 'Do not pray at the time of sunrise and at the time of sunset.' " Ibn 'Umar said, "Allah's Apostle said, 'If the edge of the sun appears (above the horizon) delay the prayer till it becomes high, and if the edge of the sun disappears, delay the prayer till it sets (disappears completely).' " Sahih Al-Bukhari [Volume 1, Book 10, Number 557: ]
Narrated Abu Huraira:
Allah's Apostle forbade two kinds of sales, two kinds of dresses, and two prayers. He forbade offering prayers after the Fajr prayer till the rising of the sun and after the 'Asr prayer till its setting. He also forbade "Ishtimal-Assama" and "al-Ihtiba" in one garment in such a way that one's private parts are exposed towards the sky. He also forbade the sales called "Munabadha" and "Mulamasa." " Sahih Al-Bukhari [Volume 1, Book 10, Number 558: ]
Narrated Ibn 'Umar:
Allah's Apostle said, "None of you should try to pray at sunrise or sunset." Sahih Al-Bukhari [Volume 1, Book 10, Number 559: ]
Narrated Abu Sa'id Al-Khudri:
I heard Allah's Apostle saying, "There is no prayer after the morning prayer till the sun rises, and there is no prayer after the Asr prayer till the sun sets." Sahih Al-Bukhari [Volume 1, Book 10, Number 560: ]
Contrary to this, the Prophet (pbuh) used to pray two raka'ahs after asr prayer as related in many of the authentic traditions. However, it is important for us to note that whenever we perceive a difference between Qaul (command) and Amal (action) of the Prophet (pbuh), then according to the rule of fiqh, command takes precedence over the action
By Allah, Who took away the Prophet. The Prophet never missed them (two Rakat) after the 'Asr prayer till he met Allah and he did not meet Allah till it became heavy for him to pray while standing so he used to offer most of the prayers while sitting. (She meant the two Rakat after Asr) He used to pray them in the house and never prayed them in the mosque lest it might be hard for his followers and he loved what was easy for them . Sahih Al-Bukhari [Volume 1, Book 10, Number 564: ]
Narrated Hisham's father:
'Aisha (addressing me) said, "O son of my sister! The Prophet never missed two prostrations (i.e. Rakat) after the 'Asr prayer in my house." Sahih Al-Bukhari [Volume 1, Book 10, Number 565: ]
Allah's Apostle never missed two Rakat before the Fajr prayer and after the Asr prayer openly and secretly. Sahih Al-Bukhari[ Volume 1, Book 10, Number 566: ]
Whenever the Prophet come to me after the 'Asr prayer, he always prayed two Rakat. Sahih Al-Bukhari [Volume 1, Book 10, Number 567: ]
Thus under normal circumstances, a Muslim should not offer Salaah after the Fajr prayer until the sun rises or after the asr prayer until the sun sets, unless there is a valid reason and requirement.
As for prayers for which there is a reason, such as "greeting
the mosque" (tahiyyat al-masjid) or the two rakahs after wudoo or the two
rakahs after tawaaf and so on, they may be offered at any time. But the obligatory prayers can not be offered during forbidden times.And ALLAH Knows The Best
I ask Allah to make this a sincere effort, seeking his pleasure, and I ask him to grant us refuge in him from the evils within ourselves, and that in our deeds. I ask him to grant us success in achieving whatever pleases him; And May Allah Shower His blessings and mercy upon our beloved Prophet
Muhammad (pbuh), his family and his Companions and on all those who follow him until the final hour.
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