Question & Answer
Hajj Qurbani obligation only at mina or also back at ones home?

Assalamo Alaykum.My query refers to ayait no 196 in sura Baqra,precisely about hadie(Qurbani).
As far as my understanding about Qurbani,”the person performing Hajj is ordained to slaughter an animal or animals at Mina .And this is done at Mina,and he is not required to do Qurbani at his home,where he belongs/live,because I have no knowledge and not read/seen /heard that Prophet(peace be upon him) or Sahaaba ُُُ(RA) sacrificed animal at Mina during their Haj and also did offer Qurbani at home Medina/or where ever their home was located.And this has been the practice of Muslims performing Haj since then and I have never heard from any Haji that he did Qurbani in Mina as well as back at his home town.
However,about a year back , I heard from Imam Masjid during tafseer lecture of said ayait that Hajie is required to do Qurbani at Mina as well as back at his home town ,because hadie or sacrificial animal offered at Mina is Dumay Shukaraccording to the ruling of Imam Abu Hanifa or Dumay Jubar according to the ruling of Imam Shafi . He rules that a person performing Hajj is required to slaughter sacrificial animal at Mina as well as offer Qurbani back at home where he belongs/ live,and in support of his ruling ,he also talks about sahiebay nisab , musawfar and muqeem aspect . Although ,I think these aspects are not relevant for advocating the slaughtering of sacrificial animal at Mina as well as doing Qurbani back at home town .I request that may I be guided with daleel from Quran and SUNNAH in this matter .With regards.Jazak Allah

Answer:



بسم الله الرحمن الرحيم

We begin with Allah’s blessed name, we praise him and we glorify him, seek his forgiveness and ask him to guide us. Whoever Allah guides, None can lead astray and whoever he misguides, None can guide. There is no power and no strength except from Allah, The most high, the Most great, the most powerful. We bear witness that there is no one worthy of worship but Allah Alone, and we bear witness that Prophet Muhammad (pbuh) is His slave-servant and the seal of His Messengers. We pray for peace and blessings on all the noble messengers and in particular on the last of them all “the blessed prophet Mohammad (pbuh)”

As far as my understanding about Qurbani,”the person performing Hajj is ordained to slaughter an animal or animals at Mina .And this is done at Mina,and he is not required to do Qurbani at his home,where he belongs/live,because I have no knowledge and not read/seen /heard that Prophet(peace be upon him) or Sahaaba ُُُ(RA) sacrificed animal at Mina during their Haj and also did offer Qurbani at home Medina/or where ever their home was located.And this has been the practice of Muslims performing Haj since then and I have never heard from any Haji that he did Qurbani in Mina as well as back at his home town.

Dear brother, it is obligatory (farad) to sacrifice an animal for those who are on hajj pilgrimage and if one has offered the sacrifice at mina during hajj, then there is absolutely no need and no obligation to offer sacrifice again at home.

Explination of ayah 196 of surah Baqarah:

When you make up your mind to perform Hajj and `Umrah,accomplish these to please Allah. But if you are hemmed in somewhere, then offer to Allah whatever sacrifice you can afford.

That is, in case you are prevented in the way from proceeding on to the Ka`bah and are obliged to break your journey, you should make offering of whatever animal is available camel, cow, goat to Allah.

(But if you are prevented, sacrifice a Hady (animals for sacriface) such as you can afford,) was revealed in the sixth year of Hijrah, the year of the treaty of Al-Hudaybiyyah when the polytheists prevented Allah's Messenger from reaching the House. Allah revealed Surat Al-Fath (chapter 48 in the Qur'an) then, and allowed the Muslims to slaughter any Hady (animals for sacrifice) they had. They had seventy camels with them for that purpose. They were also permitted to shave their heads and end their Ihram.

And do not shave your heads until the sacrifice reaches its place.

There is a difference of opinion as to what is meant here by "the sacrifice reaching its place" . According to the Hanafi school of thought, it refers to the bounds of the Masjid Haram. If a person is prevented on the way, he should send the animal or the money to buy one to be sacrificed there on his behalf: According to Imam Malik and Imam Shafe'i, the sacrifice should be made at the very place where one has been prevented. One should not, have one's head shaved or the hair cut until one has offered the animal sacrifice.

But whoever among you is sick or has an ailment of the head and has his head shaved shall atone for this either by fasting or by alms-giving or by offering a sacrifice

According to a Tradition, the Holy Prophet directed that in such a case, one should observe fast for three days or feed six indigent persons or sacrifice at least a goat.

However, when you are secure

"Security" here refers to the removal of the cause, whatever that might have been, including the hostility of an enemy, and whatever was mainly responsible for the prevention from Hajj at that time. Just as "prevention" includes all the causes which prevent one from performing Hajj, so security includes the removal of all the causes of prevention.

(and you reach Makkah before the Hajj season begins), whoever takes advantage of this opportunity to perform `Umrah shall offer the sacrifice that he can afford. But if he cannot afford a sacrifice, he shall fast three days during the Hajj season and seven days after reaching home, that is, ten days in all. This concession is only for those whose homes are not near the Masjid Haram,

I heard from Imam Masjid during tafseer lecture of said ayait that Hajie is required to do Qurbani at Mina as well as back at his home town?

Dear brother, there is absolutely no obligation in Shariah on one who has fulfilled the Hajj rites (which includes the sacrifice during the Hajj days), to offer a second sacrifice at home.

because hadie or sacrificial animal offered at Mina is Dumay Shukar according to the ruling of Imam Abu Hanifa or Dumay Jubar according to the ruling of Imam Shafi . He rules that a person performing Hajj is required to slaughter sacrificial animal at Mina as well as offer Qurbani back at home where he belongs/ live,and in support of his ruling ,he also talks about sahiebay nisab , musawfar and muqeem aspect . Although ,I think these aspects are not relevant for advocating the slaughtering of sacrificial animal at Mina as well as doing Qurbani back at home town

Dear brother, we have never come across such a ruling from the two pious and great scholars of Islam. The four great imams gave their rulings and opinions upon issues of Islamic Jurisprudence and Fiqh in light of the guidance of the Glorious Quran and the authentic traditions of the Messenger of Allah (saws). Never ever had they given any opinion which finds no basis in quran and hadith.

For a pilgrim, because the sacrifice is one of the rituals of hajj, it can only be done in makkah.

Bring forth your evidence, if indeed what you say is the Truth! Quran [27:64]

Dear brother, you should ask the imam masjid to produce the proof, for what you say. And Allah alone knows the best.

I ask Allah to make this a sincere effort, seeking his pleasure, and I ask him to grant us refuge in him from the evils within ourselves, and that in our deeds. I ask him to grant us success in achieving whatever pleases him; And May Allah Shower His blessings and mercy upon our beloved Prophet Muhammad (pbuh), his family and his Companions and on all those who follow him until the final hour.

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