Question & Answer
What are the reasons that scholars disagree with the celebration of EID MILAD-NABI (SAW)?


Answer:



بسم الله الرحمن الرحيم

We begin with Allah’s blessed name, we praise him and we glorify him, seek his forgiveness and ask him to guide us. Whoever Allah guides, None can lead astray and whoever he misguides, None can guide. There is no power and no strength except from Allah, The most high, the Most great, the most powerful. We bear witness that there is no one worthy of worship but Allah Alone, and we bear witness that Prophet Muhammad (pbuh) is His slave-servant and the seal of His Messengers. We pray for peace and blessings on all the noble messengers and in particular on the last of them all “the blessed prophet Mohammad (pbuh)”

O Believers obey Allah and obey the Messenger and those entrusted with authority from among you. Then if there arises any dispute about anything, refer it to Allah and the Messenger, if you truly believe in Allah and the Last Day. This is the only right way and will be best in regard to the end. QURAN (4:59)

Narrated by Irbad ibn Sariyah Al-Irbad said: 'One day the Messenger of Allah (saws) led us in prayer, then faced us and gave us a lengthy exhortation at which the eyes shed tears and the hearts were afraid.' A man said: O Messenger of Allah (saws)! It seems as if it were a farewell exhortation, so what injunction do you give us?' He (saws) then said: 'I enjoin you to fear Allah, and to hear and obey even if it be an Abyssinian slave, for those of you who live after me will see great disagreement. You must then follow my Sunnah and that of the Rightly-GuidedKhalifahs. Hold to it and stick fast to it. Avoid novelties, for every novelty is a 'bidah' (innovation), and every 'bidah' is an error.' ABU DAWOOD[Book 40 : Hadith 4590]

The scholars are of the opinion that the celebration of eid milad-un-nabi is an innovation in to the pure deen of Islam, which has been completed on the blessed prophet (pbuh).

“This day I have perfected for you your religion. completed My favour upon you, and have chosen for you Islam as your religion.” Quran[5:3]

The scholors say this:

1) The scholars say It is not part of the Sunnah of our beloved prophet Mohammad(pbuh) or of the Rightly guided khalifahs who succeeded him. And consider eid milad-un-nabi an innovation.

You must then follow my Sunnah and that of the Rightly-GuidedKhalifahs. Hold to it and stick fast to it. Avoid novelties, for every novelty is a 'bidah' (innovation), and every 'bidah' is an error.' ABU DAWOOD[Book 40 : Hadith 4590]

Any innovation in the religion is implied by the person performing it that Islam is incomplete and has faults because by innovating and adding to Islam one accuses Islam of not being complete. If a person does anything in order to draw closer to Allah which was not done by the Messenger (pbuh) or enjoined by him, and was not done by the khalifahs who succeeded him, this action implies that he is accusing the Messenger (pbuh) of not fully explaining the religion to the people.

2 – Celebrating the birthday of the blessed Prophet (pbuh) is an imitation of the Christians and Jews, because they celebrate the birth of the Uzair(pbuh) and Jesus Christ (pbuh). Imitating them is extremely Haraam. The blessed Prophet (pbuh) said:

Narrated by Abdullah ibn Amr ibn al-'As Allah's Messenger (saws) said, "He does not belong to us who imitates other people!” Al-Tirmidhi [ 4649]

Narrated by Abdullah ibn Umar The Prophet (saws) said: ‘He who copies any people is one of them!’ Sunan of Abu-Dawood [Book 32 : Hadith 4020]

…especially with regard to things that are the symbols or rituals of their religion.

3 – Besides being Bidah and an imitation of the Christians, both of which are Haram, celebrating the birthday of the Prophet (pbuh) is also a means that leads to exaggeration and excess in venerating him, which even goes as far as calling upon him (making Duwa to him) and seeking his help, instead of calling upon Allah, as happens now among many of those who observe the Bidah of the Milad, when they call upon the Messenger (pbuh) instead of Allah, and ask him for support, and sing poetry with shirk in praising him(pbuh). The Prophet (pbuh) forbade going to extremes in praising him, as he said:

Narrated 'Umar: I heard the Prophet saying, "Do not exaggerate in praising me as the Christians praised the son of Mary, for I am only a Slave. So, call me the Slave of Allah and His Apostle." SAHIH AL-BUKHARI [VOL.: 4, BOOK: 55, HADITH: 654]

4. Historians contradict about the date of birth of the blessed prophet (pbuh). It can be SHABAN, RAMADAN, OR RABI UL AWAL.

5. On 12 RABI UL AWAL our beloved prophet died.

6. It is neither from Sunnah nor Quran.

7. If a person does anything in order to draw closer to Allaah which was not done by the Messenger (pbuh) or enjoined by him, and was not done by the khalefahs who succeeded him, this action implies that he is accusing the Messenger (pbuh) of not fully explaining the religion to the people, and that he disbelieves in the words of Allaah what translates as:

“This day I have perfected for you your religion.” Quran (5: 3)

…because he is adding something extra and claiming that it is a part of the religion, which the Messenger (pbuh) did not bring.

‘O people, beware of exaggeration in religious matters for those who came before you were doomed because of exaggeration in religious matters.’” Sahih (Darussalam) ibn majah [Vol. 1, Book 25, Hadith 3029]

It is well-known that the Prophet (pbuh) did not celebrate his birthday at all during his lifetime nor did he ever order it to be celebrated. Nor did he teach such to his Companions. Therefore, the rightly-guided khalifahs and all of his Companions did not celebrate it. They are the most knowledgeable of the people concerning his sunnah and they are the most beloved to the Prophet (pbuh). They were also the most keen upon following whatever the Prophet (pbuh) brought. Therefore, if one is supposed to celebrate the Prophet's birthday, this would have been made evident at their time. And Allah alone knows the best.

I ask Allah to make this a sincere effort, seeking his pleasure, and I ask him to grant us refuge in him from the evils within ourselves, and that in our deeds. I ask him to grant us success in achieving whatever pleases him; And May Allah Shower His blessings and mercy upon our beloved Prophet Muhammad (pbuh), his family and his Companions and on all those who follow him until the final hour.

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