Question & Answer

Is IBLIS(DEVIL) ANGEL OR JINN

Is iblis a jinn or angel? If he was a jinn why then does Allah blame iblis for not obeying a command directed to angels, not to the jinn

Answer:



بسم الله الرحمن الرحيم

We begin with Allah’s blessed name, we praise him and we glorify him, seek his forgiveness and ask him to guide us. Whoever Allah guides, None can lead astray and whoever he misguides, None can guide. There is no power and no strength except from Allah, The most high, the Most great, the most powerful. We bear witness that there is no one worthy of worship but Allah Alone, and we bear witness that Prophet Muhammad (pbuh) is His slave-servant and the seal of His Messengers. We pray for peace and blessings on all the noble messengers and in particular on the last of them all “the blessed prophet Mohammad (pbuh)”

Behold! We said to the angels, "Bow down to Adam": They bowed down except Iblis. He was one of the Jinns, and he broke the Command of his Lord. Will ye then take him and his progeny as protectors rather than Me? And they are enemies to you! Evil would be the exchange for the wrong-doers! QURAN[18:50]

Al-Hasan Al-Basri said, "Iblis was not one of the angels, not even for a second. He was the origin of the Jinn just as Adam, upon him be peace, was the origin of mankind.''

(Iblis) said: "I am better than he: thou createdst me from fire, and him thou createdst from clay." QURAN[38:76]

Iblis had been created from smokeless fire, whereas the angels had been created from light, Thus from the above guidance of the quran it is absolutely clear that iblis is a jinn.

Why then does Allah blame iblis

Behold! thy Lord said to the angels: "I am about to create man, from sounding clay from mud moulded into shape; QURAN[15:28]

"When I have fashioned him (in due proportion) and breathed into him of My spirit, fall ye down in obeisance unto him." QURAN[15:29]

So the angels prostrated themselves, all of them together: QURAN[15:30]

Not so Iblis: he refused to be among those who prostrated themselves. QURAN[15:31]

((Allah)) said: "O Iblis! what is your reason for not being among those who prostrated themselves?" QURAN[15:32]

(Iblis) said: "I am not one to prostrate myself to man, whom Thou didst create from sounding clay, from mud moulded into shape." QURAN[15:33]

Behold! We said to the angels: "Bow down unto Adam": They bowed down except Iblis: He said, "Shall I bow down to one whom Thou didst create from clay?" QURQN[17:61]


Iblis used to do what the angels did and resembled them in their devotion and worship, so he was included when they were addressed, but he disobeyed and went against what he was told to do and showed his nature of free will. The jinns have a free will like that of humans, they can obey or disobey Allah as it is a test for them also like that that of humans and they will have their accounting on the day of judgment.

If We had so willed, We could certainly have brought every soul its true guidance: but the Word from Me will come true, "I will fill Hell with Jinns and men all together." QURAN[32:13]

If for the sake of argument we accept that Iblis was not referred directly, so Allah being just gave a chance to Iblis and asked him the reason for not prostrating. If he would had misunderstood the command he would had prostrated after Allah asked him for reason. And asking the reason confirms that Iblis was also included.

((Allah)) said: "O Iblis! What is your reason for not being among those who prostrated themselves?" QURAN[15:32]

And what the iblis replied:
(Iblis) said: "I am not one to prostrate myself to man, whom Thou didst create from sounding clay, from mud moulded into shape." QURAN[15:33]

Thus iblis rejected the command of Allah, and showed rebellious attitude which was against what he was told to do. And Allah alone knows the best.

I ask Allah to make this a sincere effort, seeking his pleasure, and I ask him to grant us refuge in him from the evils within ourselves, and that in our deeds. I ask him to grant us success in achieving whatever pleases him; And May Allah Shower His blessings and mercy upon our beloved Prophet Muhammad (pbuh), his family and his Companions and on all those who follow him until the final hour.

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